There Is No Difference Between The Prayer Of The Man & The Woman
http://www.fatwaislam.com/fis/index.cfm?scn=fd&ID=946


Question:


The Messenger sallAllaahu 'alayhi wa sallam said: "Pray as you have seen me praying" And that which is understood from this Hadeeth is that there is no difference between the prayer of the man and the prayer of the woman, not in the standing, the sitting and nor in the prostration. So I have been acting in accordance with that since reaching the age of at-Takleef (burdened/obligated to abide by the Sharee'ah). But we have women in Kenya who quarrel with me and they say that your prayer is not correct because it resembles the man's prayer. And the examples they mention where the man's prayer differs from the woman's prayer are holding the two hands upon the chest and when releasing them both and the keeping of the back level in the bowing position (Rukoo') and other than that from the issues about which I have conviction. So I would like you to clarify to me is there a difference between the performance of the prayer of the man and the woman?

Answer:



O questioner, my sister for the sake of Allaah, indeed that which is correct is that there is no difference between the man's prayer and the woman's prayer. As for what some of the jurists mention from the difference [in the prayer of the man and the woman] then there is no evidence for it. And the hadeeth that you mentioned in the question being the statement of the prophet may the peace and blessings be upon him:

"Pray as you have seen me praying"1



[This Hadeeth]is a fundamental principle which generally includes everybody and the legislations are in generality for men and women except for when there is established proof making it specific. So the Sunnah for the woman is that she prays as the men pray in the rukoo' (bowing), the prostration (sujood), the recitation, putting the hands upon the chest and other than that. This is what is best, this is how to put them (hands) upon the knees in the rukoo', this is how to put them upon the ground in prostration either in level with shoulders or in level with the ears, this how you make your back level in the rukoo' and this what is said in the rukoo' and the prostration and after the rising from the rukoo' and rising up from the prostration and between the two prostrations. All of it is just the same as the men acting in accordance to his (sallAllaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) statement:



"Pray as you have seen me praying" [Reported by al-Bukhaaree in as-Saheeh.]



___________________________________________



1 Reported by al-Bukhaaree in [the book of] al-Adhaan no.595, & ad-Daarimee in [the book of] as-Salaat no.1225.





Shaykh `Abdul-`Azeez Bin Baz

Noorun 'alaa ad-Darb - Majmoo' Fataawa wa Maqaalaat al-Mutanawwi'ah Vol.11.

Translated by Abu 'Abdillaah al-Kashmiree



http://www.binbaz.org.sa/mat/877



Source: Fatwa-Online.com


Question: When should a woman pray inside the home, is it after the adhaan (has been called locally) or after the iqaamah (has been called)?



Response: If the time (for the prayer) has arrived, then the women who are in the homes should pray and not wait for the iqaamah (to be called), rather, they should pray after hearing the adhaan (having been called) if the mu.adhdhin calls the adhaan (promptly) at the time of the prayer. And it is permissible for them to delay (the prayer) from its initial time of arrival, and Allaah knows best.



Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan

al-Muntaqaa min Fataawa Shaykh Saalih al-Fowzaan - Volume 3, Page 300, Fatwa No.443



Characteristics of the Hypocrites prayer by Ash-Shaykh Saalih al-Fouzaan may Allah protect and preserve him.

http://salaf-us-saalih.com/2009/12/03/characteristics-of-the-hypocrites-prayer/


The Shaykh may Allah preserve him says: " There are six characteristics that Allah the Glorified and Most High and the Messenger sallahu ‘alayhi wasallam mention about the Hypocrites prayer:



1.Firstly: He/She doesn’t stand for the prayer except that they are lackadaisical.

2.Secondly: They do not remember Allah in it except a little.

3.Thirdly: They seek to be seen of the people and they are not afraid of Allah the Most High.

4.Fourthly: They do not offer it at its proper time.

5.Fifthly: They do not establish it with the congregation.

6.Sixthly: They do not have tranquility in it rather they peck like a bird (pray quickly without any serenity).

These are six characteristics about the Hypocrites prayer and Allah’s refuge is sought. I ask Allah to protect us and you from them all.



Taken from the book: Fadaailus Salah wa Hukm wa ‘Uqoobah Taarikihaa (Virtues of the prayer and the ruling and punishment for the one who leaves it off {Pg.18}) by the Great Scholar Ash-Shaykh Saalih al-Fouzaan hafidhahullah.



Translated by: Abu Fouzaan Qaasim



Doorbell rings while I am praying


Question: If I am praying and somebody rings the doorbell, and nobody is in the house except me, what shall I do?



Response: If the prayer is a voluntary prayer, the matter is much easier as there is nothing from preventing you from stopping your prayer and seeing who is at the door. However, if it is an obligatory prayer, then you should not rush your prayer unless it is something very important that you fear will be missed. If possible, you may alert the person at the door that you are busy in prayer, by saying subhanAllaah for men or clapping for women, that would be sufficient. The Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) said, "If anything happens to someone during the prayer, the men should say subhanAllaah and the women should clap." If you can make it clear to the one at the door that you are in prayer, by the man saying subhaan-Allaah and the woman clapping then you should do that. However, if that will not help because the door is far away and the person will not hear you, then there is no harm in you breaking off the prayer, in particular if it is a voluntary prayer. If it is an obligatory prayer, you should only do that if it is expected that that is something very important. In that case, you may break off the prayer and then repeat it from its beginning afterwards.



And all praises belong to Allaah.



Shaykh Ibn Baaz

Fataawa al-Mar.ah

Delaying the 'Ishaa. prayer


Source: FatwaOnline.com

Question: What is the ruling concerning delaying the 'Ishaa. prayer to a late time?



Response: The best act with respect to the 'Ishaa. prayer is to delay it until its last time. Whatever amount it is delayed is better. This is true except in the case of men. If a man is going to delay the 'Ishaa. prayer and by so doing is going to miss performing it in congregation, then it is not allowed for him to delay it and miss the congregation. As for women in their homes, the more they delay the 'Ishaa. prayer, the better for them. However, they cannot delay it beyond half of the night.

Fatwa 2
http://coveredpearls.wordpress.com/2011/09/13/ruling-on-women-delaying-the-isha-prayer-until-twelve-at-night/

Shaykh Ibn 'Uthaymeen

Fataawa al-Mar.ah

Q 33: Is it permissible for women to pray the ‘Isha’ (night) Prayer after twelve o’clock at night? Is it disliked to perform it at eleven thirty, for instance ?




A: The time of ‘Isha’ Prayer extends until midnight. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: The time of ‘Isha’ Prayer extends until midnight. It is impermissible for women to delay the ‘Isha’ Prayer until midnight.



The length of the night varies, so if there are nine hours of night, for instance, then half of this is four hours and half, according to the time of sunset. If it is twelve hours, according to the time of sunset, then its half will be six hours and a half. After this that, it is not permissible for the sick or women to delay it until midnight.



As for men who are not ill, they are to pray with the people in the Masjid (mosque).However, if a man prays at home due to illness, he should pray before midnight and the same applies to the woman.



Fatwas of Nur `Ala Al-Darb

The Woman's Ameen, Adhaan, and Iqamah (PDF) - response by Shaykh Albaanee
Fatwa 1
Source: Fatwa-Online.com

Question put to our Noble Shaykh Muhammad Ibn Saalih al-'Uthaymeen after Salaat al-Fajr in al-Masjid al-Haraam in Makkah on Tuesday 27 Ramadhaan 1420/ 4 January 2000




Which is better for the woman, to pray in her house or pray in al-Masjid al-Haraam (Makkah)?



The Noble Shaykh (hafitha-hullaah) briefly responded by saying it is better for the woman to pray in her house for that which is mentioned in the hadeeth:



((Do not prevent your women from going to the masaajid, however, their homes are better for them)).



The word masaajid (plural of masjid) encompasses all the masaajid inclusive of al-Masjid al-Haraam in Makkah, al-Masjid an-Nabawee in Madeenah and al-Masjid al-Aqsaa in al-Quds (Jerusalem). Therefore based upon this hadeeth it is clear that it is better for a woman to pray in her home.


Fatwa 2
Question:




Is it permissible for a woman to pray in a masjid in these (present) times?

Answer:



Yes it is permissible for the woman to pray in a masjid in these (present) times. The messenger of Allaah said “Do not prevent the female slaves of Allaah from the masaajid of Allaah.” And he said “The best row for the men is the first row and the worst is the last one. And the best row for the woman is the last one and the worst is the first one”



Permanent Committee for Research and Verdicts



Fataawa Mar’atul Muslimah Pg. 124 (Daar al-Ghad al-Jadeed)

Translated by Umm Ibraheem Bint Ameen

Fatwa 3
Source: Fatwa-Online.com

Ruling concerning women using incense when they are going to the mosque




Question: During Ramadhaan, some women use incense in the mosque. We advised them to stop but to no avail. We want from you, dear Shaykh, to make this issue clear to them and to us.



Response: It is not allowed for women to use incense when they go out to the mosque or inside the mosque. This is because they become a temptation, then, when they return to their homes. It has been authentically reported from the Prophet (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) that he prohibited women from using any kind of perfume when leaving their house to go to the mosque. He said, ((Any woman who has incense over her should not attend the 'Ishaa. Prayer with us)). The same applies to them using such fragrances in the mosque because then they go outside to the market while being scented. The same is the ruling for their using it when they go some place other than the mosque.



Shaykh Ibn Baaz

Fataawa al-Mar.ah



Prayer of a menstruating woman


Source: Fatwa Online

Question: While I was praying, my menses began. What should I do? Do I make up the prayers of the time of my menses?

Response: If the menses come after the beginning of a time for prayer, for example, if you receive your menses a half an hour after high noon, then you must make up that prayer after your bleeding has ended since when its time began you were in a state of purity. This is based on Allaah’s statement, "Verily, the prayer is enjoined upon the believers at fixed hours" (an-Nisaa. 103). Do not make up the prayers you missed while menstruating. This is based on the lengthy hadeeth in which the Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) said, "Is it not the case that when you menstruate, you do not pray or fast?" There is a consensus of the scholars that the prayers missed during menstruation are not to be made up. However, if she becomes pure [the bleeding stops] and she has enough time to pray one rak’ah or more of a prayer, then she must pray the prayer of that time in which she became pure. This is based on the hadeeth of the Messenger of Allaah (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) "Whoever catches one rak’ah of the ‘Asr Prayer before sunset has caught the ‘Asr Prayer." If the woman becomes pure during the time of ‘Asr or before sunrise and there is enough time before sunset or sunrise to pray one rak’ah, then she prays ‘Asr in the former case and Fajr in the latter case.

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen
Wearing Forbidden Clothing Could Invalidate One's Prayer


Question:



A women uses particular clothing for prayer and it is clothing for men. Is her prayer permissible? Is this considered part of imitating men?

Answer:



If the clothing is something particular for men, then it is forbidden for her to wear it regardless of whether she is praying or is outside of the prayer. This is because it is confirmed from the Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi-wasallam) that he cursed those women who imitate men and appear like men as well as those men who imitate and appear like women. It is not allowed for a women to wear clothing that are particular for men and it is not allowed for men to wear clothing that are particular for women.

However, we must understand the concept of "particularity". Particularity is not with respect to colour but it is with respect to colour and description. It is, then, permissible for women to wear white clothing as long as it is not the same as the white clothing of men. If it is clear, though, that women wearing men's clothing is forbidden, then her prayer in such clothing is not valid acording to those scholars who say that the covering in the prayer must be covering which is permissible.



This is a question in which there is a difference of opininon among the scholars. Some scholars say that it is a condition that the covering or the clothing that is in itself permissible. Some do not lay down such a condition. The proof for those who lay down such a condition is that the covering of the aurah [what must be covered] in the prayer is one of the conditions for the prayer and the covering must be something that Allah has permitted. If it is something that Allah has not permitted, then it is not considered a legal covering since it goes against what is commanded. The proof of those who say that the prayer is still valid while the person is committing a sin is that the women has actually covered herself and that the sinful aspect is something that is external and is not particularly related to the prayer. in any case, the person who prays in forbidden clothing is in a dangerous situation since her prayer may be rejected and not accepted from her.





Shaykh Muhammad bin Saalih al-`Uthaymeen

Islamic Fatawa Regarding Women - Darussalam Pgs. 129-130

Question:



When a menstruating woman becomes pure before before sunrise is it obligatory upon her to perform the maghrib and ‘ishaa prayers? Similarly, if she becomes pure before sunset, is it obligatory upon her to perform the dhuhr and ‘asr prayer?



Answer:



If a mentruating or post-partum bleeding woman becomes pure before sunset, it is obligatory upon her to perform both dhuhr and ‘asr prayers according to the strongest opinion among the scholars.



Similar is the case if she becomes pure before dawn. In that case, she must perform the maghrib and ‘ishaa prayers. This has been narrated from ‘Abdur-Rahmaan ibn Awf and ‘Abdullaah ibn Abbaas. This is the opinion of the majority of the Scholars.



Similarly, if a menstruating or post-partum bleeding woman becomes pure before sunrise, it is obligatory upon her to perform the Fajr prayer.



And from Allaah is guidance.



Shaykh `Abdul-`Azeez Bin Baz

From “Islamic Fatawa Regarding Women”, Darussalam Publishers and Distributors

Fatwa 1

Source: AlIfta.net
Q:Are women obliged to perform Adhan (call to Prayer) or Iqamah (call to start the Prayer) at the time of Salah (Prayer)?


A:Men are obliged to perform Adhan and Iqamah. This is Mashru` (Islamically permissible) for them, even if the man is alone, because Adhan and Iqamah are a collective obligation on a group of people - that is, if one of them performs it, the others are excused from this obligation. If one man performs Adhan and Iqamah, this will be enough. There was controversy concerning their obligation on one man as well as the person who should perform them, if it is only one man who should perform Adhan and Iqamah. As for women, they are not obliged to perform either Adhan or Iqamah, as the matter of calling to congregational Prayer is related to men only,

( الجزء رقم : 6، الصفحة رقم: 352)



as well as that of informing the people of the times of Prayers. Women perform Salah at home, and are not obliged to that matter. We mean that women are not obliged to perform Adhan or Iqamah. They should start Salah with Takbir (saying: "Allahu Akbar [Allah is the Greatest]") and perform it in the way men do. However, women are not obliged to perform Adhan or Iqamah because there is no evidence on this matter.


Fatwa 2
Source: Fatwa-Online.com

Question: When the women gather to perform the prayer, do they make the iqaamah for the prayer?


Response: If they make the iqaamah, there is no harm in that. If they do not do so, there is no harm in that either. This is because the adhan and iqaamah are only obligatory upon the men.



Shaykh Ibn 'Uthaymeen

Fataawa al-Mar.ah







The Ruling on a Woman uncovering her Hands and Feet in Prayer


http://www.fatwaislam.com/fis/index.cfm?scn=fd&ID=1221
Question:



What is the ruling on showing the feet and hands for a woman in prayer, bearing in mind that she is not in front of men, but in her house?

Answer:



What is well known in the Mathhab of the Hanbalis - may Allaah have mercy on them - is that all of an adult, free woman is Awrah in prayer, except her face, and based upon this, it is not permissible for her to uncover her hands or her feet, thought many scholars hold that it is permissible for a woman to uncover her hands and feet. But the safest thing for a woman to beware of that, although, if it happened that a woman did so, then she sought a ruling on the matter, no person should venture to order her to repeat her prayers



Shaykh Muhammad bin Saalih al-`Uthaymeen

Fatawa Islamiyah Vol. 2 Page 205



Discusses women leading other women in prayer, specifically in the house.
Women should stand in the middle of their first row and lead.