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Articles/Books/Treatises

Polygyny is the Sunnah,
2 page PDF treatise by Shaykh Bin Baaz (rahimuhullah)

The Foundation of Marriage is Polygyny
2 page PDF treatise by Shaykh bin Baaz (rahimuhullah)

 

Fatawa

  • There is no contradiction in the verses regarding polygamy

Question : Concerning polygyny, it is stated in the Qur'aan, "If you fear that you will not be able to deal justly [with more then one wife], than [marry] only one" (an-Nisaa: 3). However, in another place, it states, "You will never be able to do perfect justice between your wives even if it is your ardent desire" (an-Nisaa: 129). In the first verse, the condition of being just among the wives is stated while in the second it makes it clear that the condition of justice could never be met. Does this mean that the first verse is abrogated and that it is not allowed to many more than one woman since the condition of justice cannot be fulfilled? Benefit us, may Allaah reward you.
Response : There is no contradiction between the two verses. There is also no abrogation by one verse of the other. The justice that is mentioned in the first verse is the justice within one's ability, which is related to being fair in division of time and in maintenance. As for being just with respect to love and sexual relations, this is not within one's ability. This is what is being referred to in the verse, "You will never be able to do perfect justice between your wives even if it is your ardent desire" (an-Nisaa: 129). In a Hadeeth about the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) 'Aa'ishah stated, "The Messenger of Allaah sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) used to divide his time between his wives and he was fair. He used to say, 'O Allaah, that is my division with respect to what I have control over. Do not blame me for what You control and over which I have no control."' This was recorded by Abu Daawood, at-Tirmidhee, al-Nasai, ibn Majah. It was graded Saheeh by ibn Hibban and al-Haakim.
Shaykh Ibn Baaz (rahimahullah)
Source: AbdurRahman.org

  • Concerning polygamy

Question : Some people say that marrying more than one wife is not allowed unless a person has orphans under his care and he fears that he will not do justice between them. Then he may marry their mother or one of her daughters. For evidence, they quote the verse, "And if you fear that you shall not be able to deal justly with the orphan-girls, then marry women of your choice, two, three or four..." (an-Nisaa. 3).
Response : This statement is false. The meaning of the verse is that if a person has under his care an orphan and he fears that he will not give her the proper amount of dower, then he should marry other women, for there are many women and Allaah will not make things difficult for him. The verse points to the legality of marrying two, three or four wives. This is allowed because it leads to more chastity, lowering of eyesight and guarding of the private parts. Furthermore, that is a cause for more children and the chastity of more women, as well as them being treated properly and cared for.
There is no doubt that the woman who has one-half of a husband or one-third or one-fourth is better off than the one who has no husband at all. However, one must meet the condition of justice among the wives and the ability to take care of and tend to the wives. If a person fears that he will not do justice, then he may only many one wife in addition to having slaves. The practice of the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) indicates and stresses that. When he died, he had nine wives. And Allaah says about him, "Indeed in the Messenger of Allaah you have a good example to follow" (al-Ahzaab 21).
The Prophet (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) made it clear to his Nation that it was allowed for him to have more than four wives. Therefore, following his example on this point would mean taking four wives or less. Beyond four wives is something that is specific for the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) only.
Shaykh Ibn Baaz (rahimahullah)
Source: AbdurRahman.org


  • There is no contradiction in the verses regarding polygamy

Question : Concerning polygyny, it is stated in the Qur'aan, "If you fear that you will not be able to deal justly [with more then one wife], than [marry] only one" (an-Nisaa: 3). However, in another place, it states, "You will never be able to do perfect justice between your wives even if it is your ardent desire" (an-Nisaa: 129). In the first verse, the condition of being just among the wives is stated while in the second it makes it clear that the condition of justice could never be met. Does this mean that the first verse is abrogated and that it is not allowed to many more than one woman since the condition of justice cannot be fulfilled? Benefit us, may Allaah reward you.
Response : There is no contradiction between the two verses. There is also no abrogation by one verse of the other. The justice that is mentioned in the first verse is the justice within one's ability, which is related to being fair in division of time and in maintenance. As for being just with respect to love and sexual relations, this is not within one's ability. This is what is being referred to in the verse, "You will never be able to do perfect justice between your wives even if it is your ardent desire" (an-Nisaa: 129). In a Hadeeth about the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) 'Aa'ishah stated, "The Messenger of Allaah sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) used to divide his time between his wives and he was fair. He used to say, 'O Allaah, that is my division with respect to what I have control over. Do not blame me for what You control and over which I have no control."' This was recorded by Abu Daawood, at-Tirmidhee, al-Nasai, ibn Majah. It was graded Saheeh by ibn Hibban and al-Haakim.
Shaykh Ibn Baaz (rahimahullah)

 

  • Concerning polygamy

Question : Some people say that marrying more than one wife is not allowed unless a person has orphans under his care and he fears that he will not do justice between them. Then he may marry their mother or one of her daughters. For evidence, they quote the verse, "And if you fear that you shall not be able to deal justly with the orphan-girls, then marry women of your choice, two, three or four..." (an-Nisaa. 3).
Response : This statement is false. The meaning of the verse is that if a person has under his care an orphan and he fears that he will not give her the proper amount of dower, then he should marry other women, for there are many women and Allaah will not make things difficult for him. The verse points to the legality of marrying two, three or four wives. This is allowed because it leads to more chastity, lowering of eyesight and guarding of the private parts. Furthermore, that is a cause for more children and the chastity of more women, as well as them being treated properly and cared for.
There is no doubt that the woman who has one-half of a husband or one-third or one-fourth is better off than the one who has no husband at all. However, one must meet the condition of justice among the wives and the ability to take care of and tend to the wives. If a person fears that he will not do justice, then he may only many one wife in addition to having slaves. The practice of the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) indicates and stresses that. When he died, he had nine wives. And Allaah says about him, "Indeed in the Messenger of Allaah you have a good example to follow" (al-Ahzaab 21).
The Prophet (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) made it clear to his Nation that it was allowed for him to have more than four wives. Therefore, following his example on this point would mean taking four wives or less. Beyond four wives is something that is specific for the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) only.
Shaykh Ibn Baaz (rahimahullah)